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ORCID, Scopus IDMendeleyResearch gatePublons, arXiv

(*Dr. Li is the corresponding author)

(Dr. Li’s students and postdocs at JHU)

(†Equal contributions)

Journal Articles submitted / in review / in revision

  1. Othayoth R, Thoms G, *Li C, An energy landscape approach to locomotor transitions in complex terrain, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in revision
  2. Xuan Q, *Li C, Randomness in appendage coordination facilitates ground self-righting from a metastable state, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, in review
  3. Xuan Q, *Li C, Coordinated appendages help accumulate energy to overcome barrier in leg-assisted, winged ground self-righting, IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, in review
  4. Han Y, Wang Y, Hsu C-C, de la Tijera Obert R, Francois E, *Li C, Shape-modulated obstacle attraction and repulsion during dynamic locomotion, International Journal of Robotics Research, in review
  5. Mitchel TW, †Fu Q, Kim JS, Chirikjian GS, *Li C, Continuous body 3-D reconstruction of limbless animals using elastic rod modeling and backbone optimization, Journal of Experimental Biology, in revision
  6. Yang C, Ding L, Tang D, Gao H, Niu L, Li C, Deng Z, Improved Terzaghi theory-based interaction modeling of rotary robotic locomotors with granular substrates, Mechanism & Machine Theory, in review

Journal Articles

  1. Fu Q, Gart SW, Mitchel TW, Kim JS, Chirikjian GS, *Li C, Body undulation and compliance help snakes and snake robots traverse stably traverse large, smooth obstacles, Integrative & Comparative Biology, icaa013, (Invited Symposium Paper) Video
  2. Fu Q, *Li C (2020), Robotic modeling of snake traversing large, smooth obstacles reveals stability benefits of body compliance, Royal Society Open Science, 7, 191192 PDF (Movies 1 2 3 4)
  3. *Li C, Wöhrl T, Lam HK, Full RJ (2019), Cockroaches use diverse strategies to self-right on the ground, Journal of Experimental Biology, 222, jeb186080 PDF (Movies 1 2 3)
  4. Gart SW, Mitchel TW, *Li C (2019). Snakes partition their body to traverse large steps stably, Journal of Experimental Biology, 222, jeb185991 PDF (Movies 1 2 3)
  5. Gart SW, Yan C, Othayoth R, Ren Z, *Li C (2018). Dynamic traversal of large gaps by insects and legged robots reveals a template, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 13, 026006 PDF (Movies 1 2 3 4)
  6. Gart SW, *Li C (2018). Body-terrain interaction affects large bump traversal of insects and legged robots, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 13, 026005 PDF (Movies 1 2 3 4)
  7. *Li C, Kessens CC, Fearing RS, Full RJ (2017). Mechanical principles of dynamic terrestrial self-righting using wings, Advanced Robotics, 31, 881-900 (Invited Paper; Advanced Robotics Best Paper Award, 4 awarded out of 96) PDF
  8. Aguilar J, Zhang T, Qian F, Kingsbury M, McInroe B, Mazouchova N, Li C, Maladen RD, Gong C, Travers M, Hatton RL, Choset H, Umbanhowar PB, Goldman DI (2016) A review on locomotion robophysics: The study of movement at the intersection of robotics, soft matter and dynamical systems, Reports on Progress in Physics, 79, 110001 PDF
  9. *Li C, Pullin AO, Haldane DW, Lam HK, Fearing RS, Full RJ (2015). Terradynamically streamlined shapes in animals and robots enhances traversability through densely cluttered terrain, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 10, 046003 (B&B Highlights of 2015) PDF
  10. Haldane DW, Casarez CS, Karras JT, Lee J, Li C, Pullin AO, Schaler EW, Yun D, Ota H, Javey A, Fearing RS (2015). Integrated Manufacture of Exoskeletons and Sensing Structures for Folded Millirobots, ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics, 021011 PDF
  11. Ding, Y, Li C, Goldman DI (2013). Swimming in the desert, Physics Today, 66, 68-69 (Invited Paper) PDF
  12. Li C, Zhang T, Goldman DI (2013). A terradynamics of legged locomotion on granular media, Science, 339, 1408-1412 (Featured in Science PerspectivePDF
  13. Zhang T, Qian F, Li C, Masarati P, Hoover AM, Birkmeyer P, Pullin A, Fearing RS, Goldman DI (2013). Ground fluidization promotes rapid running of a lightweight robot, International Journal of Robotics Research, 32, 859-969 PDF
  14. Li C, Hsieh ST, Goldman DI (2012). Multi-functional foot use during running in the zebra-tailed lizard (Callisaurus draconoides), Journal of Experimental Biology, 215, 3293-3308 (Cover Article) PDF
  15. Li C, Umbanhowar PB, Komsuoglu H, Goldman DI (2010). The effect of limb kinematics on the speed of a legged robot on granular media, Experimental Mechanics, 50, 1383-1393 PDF
  16. Maladen RD, Ding Y, Li C, Goldman DI (2009). Undulatory swimming in sand: subsurface locomotion of the sandfish lizard, Science, 325, 314-318 (Featured in Nature News & Views) PDF
  17. Li C, Umbanhowar PB, Komsuoglu H, Koditschek DE, Goldman DI (2009). Sensitive dependence of the motion of a legged robot on granular media, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 3029-3034 (Featured in IEEE Spectrum and Physics Today; Best Student Paper in DCB at SICB 2009) PDF

Conference Papers (Full-length, Peer-reviewed)

  1. *Li C, Kessens CC, Young A, Fearing RS, Full RJ (2016). Cockroach-inspired winged robot reveals principles of ground-based dynamic self-righting, IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2128-2134 (Highlight Paper of IROS 2016, 20 selected from 840) Video PDF
  2. Li C, Zhang T, Goldman DI (2012). A resistive force model of legged locomotion on granular media, Proceedings of CLAWAR, 433-440 PDF
  3. Li C, Ding Y, Gravish N, Maladen RD, Masse A, Umbanhowar PB, Komsuoglu H, Koditschek DE, Goldman DI (2012). Towards a terramechanics for bio-inspired locomotion in granular environments, ASCE Earth & Space Conference, 264-273 PDF
  4. Qian F, Zhang T, Li C, Masarati, P, Hoover AM, Birkmeyer P, Pullin A, Fearing RS, Goldman DI (2012). Walking and running on yielding and fluidizing ground, Robotics: Science & Systems (Best Student Paper at RSS 2012) PDF
  5. Ding Y, Gravish N, Li C, Maladen RD, Mazouchova N, Sharpe SS, Umbanhowar PB, Goldman DI (2011). Comparative studies reveal principles of movement on and within granular media, IMA Workshop on Locomotion, 155, 281-292 PDF
  6. Li C, Hoover AM, Birkmeyer P, Umbanhowar PB, Fearing RS, Goldman DI (2010). Systematic study of the performance of small robots on controlled laboratory substrates, Proceedings of SPIE, 7679, 1-13 (Invited Paper) PDF


  • Li C (2011). Biological, robotic, and physics studies to discover principles of legged locomotion on granular media, Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia Institute of Technology PDF

Conference Abstracts